Natural heritage

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Natural heritage

The Republic of Croatia has numerous protected green areas: 8 National Parks, 10 Nature Parks, 2 Strict Nature Reserves, nearly 100 Special Reserves, 19 Forest Parks, 28 Protected Landscape Areas and 72 Nature Sights. In this feature, you will find out more about protected green area on Croatia's coast and islands that we recommend you visit during your stay in Croatia.
Brijuni

Brijuni This archipelago consists of 14 islands and islets. They are situated just in front of Pula, along the west coast of Istria. They cover 7.42 sq km surface and hold perfectly preserved variety of flora and fauna and very valuable remains of Roman and Byzantine civilisations. The protected area comprises not only the islands, but the surrounding sea as well. It was established to help preserve the lush Mediterranean vegetation, numerous endemic and rare plant and animal species and intact nature. On two larger islands, Veliki and Mali Brijun, you’ll find safari and ethno park, bird reserve, many imported plant species, ancient olive trees, parks and forests, museums, fortresses and villas. For decades, the islands were a favourite destination of many state officials and nobilities, and during the past few years it has become attractive to yachtsmen and fans of other outdoor sports.

Kornati islands

Kornati islands With its exceptionally clear sea, torrents of sunshine, numerous inlets, bays and small ports Kornati are a must destination for boaters on their wanderings over the Adriatic and the right choice for modern Robinsons. Since 1980 NP Kornati protects and guards the prettiest part of Croatian Adriatic Sea from the man and for humanity. Boundaries of the park enclose two thirds of the island group and cliffs carrying the common name of Kornati. The park covers an area of approximately 218 million m 2 out of which 3/4 are sea and 1/4 islands, islets and cliffs.
One of the most impressing natural phenomena on Kornati are cliffs on the stretch of islands of Donji Kornati, which are facing open sea. Since ancient times cliffs have been called crowns (crown – korona) and that is probably the etymology of the name Kornati.

Mljet

Mljet is an island located in the South Adriatic, not far from Dubrovnik. It is widely known for its lush and diverse Mediterranean vegetation, endemic plant species, historical heritage from the Illyrian times, stunning scenery, indented coastline, caves and grottos, monasteries, churches and overall beauty. For most people, Mljet is an island lost in the open sea, and the island is indeed hard to reach. But do not let this landscape - mentioned in the stories about Odyssey and St. Paul, as well as Benedictine monks and the Mediterranean Seal - remain a secret for you. Mljet is an elongated island, with an average width of 3 km, 37 km long. It is an Island of great diversity and contrast, and "Mljet" National Park covers his northwestern part with an area of 5.375 ha of protected land and surrounding sea. This area was proclaimed as national park 11 November 1960 and represents the first institutionalized attempt to protect an original ecosystem in the Adriatic.

NP Krka

NP Krka In waterless crass there is a special phenomenon, river Krka. 72 km long river has found its way through thirsty ground creating a carpet of algae. Part of this river and area are proclaimed national park for its enormous natural, scientific and cultural value in 1985.
River Krka attracts with unique beauty of its great canyon and cascades, beauty of its spring, marvelous plaster creations, waterfalls and lakes, green valleys and woods. Man gave his contribution to the value of the river by building sacral monuments and monasteries, forts and power plants leaving monuments of cultural, historical and ethnographic value in the landscape.

Telašćica

Telascica Telascica bay is situated in the central part of the eastern Adriatic coast, in the SE part of the island of Dugi otok. Thanks to its extreme beauty, richness and importance, this bay surrounded by 13 islands and islets, together with 6 islets inside the bay of Telascica itself, was proclaimed the Nature Park in 1988. Telascica is surrounded by larger and smaller islets, and inside the bay there are also 6 islets. The coast is long 69 km, and it is contains 25 smaller inlets. Among others, the bay is protected as Nature Park because of its rich animal and plant life, more than 550 maritime species, geological characteristics and archaeological heritage. Thanks to its exceptionally valuable plant and animal life, geological and geomorphological phenomena, valuable colonies of the sea bottom and interesting archaeological heritage this area became protected in 1980.


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